Knowledge Base

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Simplifying EPR and waste management queries. Find quick answers to common questions about compliance, sustainability, and our services in our comprehensive FAQ section.

Plastic Waste

EPR entails the responsibility of a producer for the environmentally sound management of the product throughout its entire life cycle.

The entities mandated to register on the centralized CPCB portal include Producers (P), Importers (I), Brand Owners (BO), and Plastic Waste Processors engaged in recycling, waste to energy, waste to oil, and industrial composting.

Plastic packaging categories covered under EPR include Rigid plastic packaging (Category I), Flexible plastic packaging (Category II), Multilayered plastic packaging (Category III), and Plastic sheet or like used for packaging and compostable plastics (Category IV).

Pre-consumer plastic packaging waste refers to plastic packaging waste generated during manufacturing and packaging stages, including rejects and discards before reaching the end-use consumer.

Post-consumer plastic packaging waste is plastic packaging waste generated by the end-use consumer after the intended use of the packaging is completed.

PIBO (Producer, Importer, Brand Owner) must register as both PIBO and Recycler with relevant documentation. Credits can only be issued to recyclers, and transactions of credits to PIBO shall be properly documented.

Yes, export-oriented units are exempted from fulfilling EPR obligations.


‘Electrical and Electronic Equipment’ (EEE) refers to equipment that relies on electric current or an electromagnetic field to function.

Electronic Waste (E-Waste) includes electrical and electronic equipment, either whole or in part, discarded as waste by consumers or bulk consumers, as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment, and repair processes.

Entities, including manufacturers, producers, refurbishers, or recyclers, are required to register on the CPCB portal.

Bulk consumers of electrical and electronic equipment listed in Schedule I of the eWaste Rule 2022 must ensure that the e-waste they generate is handed over only to registered producers, refurbishers, or recyclers.

Producers can purchase extended producer responsibility certificates, limited to the liability of the current year (Year Y) plus any remaining liability from preceding years, along with 5% of the current year’s liability.

Entities need to file annual and quarterly returns on the portal by the end of the month succeeding the quarter or year, complying with the laid-down form.

Battery Waste

Waste Battery includes used and/or End of Life Battery, its components, spares, parts, or consumables that may or may not be hazardous. It encompasses Pre-consumer Off-Spec Battery and its components, parts, or consumables, as well as batteries with expired appropriate use dates or discarded by the user.

‘Producer’ refers to an entity engaged in the manufacture and sale of Battery (including refurbished Battery) under its own brand, or the sale of Battery (including refurbished Battery) under its own brand produced by other manufacturers or suppliers, or the import of Battery and equipment containing Battery.

The entities required to register on the online portal developed by CPCB include Producers (Importers included as per Rules), Manufacturers of Battery, Recyclers, and Refurbishers.

All types of batteries, irrespective of chemistry, shape, volume, weight, material composition, and use, are covered under The Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022.

Importers will have EPR obligations when selling imported batteries under their own brand, supplying imported batteries to other manufacturers/dealers selling them under the importer’s brand, supplying imported batteries directly to bulk consumers, or selling imported batteries in the market under the brand imported.

Importers will not have EPR obligations when supplying imported batteries to other manufacturers/dealers, and those manufacturers/dealers are selling batteries in the market under their own brand name.

Dealers must register with CPCB if they purchase batteries from manufacturers or producers and sell them under their own brand. In this case, the dealer will be considered a Producer and have EPR obligations. If the dealer sells batteries under the brand name provided by the manufacturer or producer, they are not required to obtain CPCB or SPCB registration.

If the company/brand is not placing the Battery in the Indian market, it will not have EPR obligations.

Tyre Waste

The entities required to register on the centralized portal developed by CPCB include Producers, Recyclers, and Retreaders.

If an entity falls into more than one category (producer, recycler, retreader), it must register separately under each applicable category.

A Recycler is any entity involved in the environmentally sound conversion of waste tires into end products such as reclaimed rubber, crumb rubber, crumb rubber modified bitumen (CRMB), recovered carbon black, or pyrolysis oil/char, following specified guidelines by the Central Pollution Control Board.

Retreading is the process of renewing the tread and sidewall rubber of a worn-out tire with good structural quality.

EPR obligations apply to producers importing both new and used tires.

Recyclers must submit monthly information on the portal regarding the quantity of waste tires used, end product produced, extended producer responsibility certificates sold, and other relevant details. They are also required to file annual and quarterly returns as specified on the portal.

EPR obligations do not apply to the quantity of tires exported by a producer.

The Micro & Small category of Brand owners are exempted from fulfilling EPR obligations. All other entities are required to be registered on the Centralized EPR portal following notified EPR Guidelines.

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